If Belgium wants its Commission on the colonial past to be more than a mere symbolic gesture, it needs to reckon with how we come to terms with that past and with different identities and discrimination in our society, and above all, how we can meet the needs of Congo today.
Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) provides incomes to an estimated 42 million of individuals around the world, yet systematic data on miners’ earnings are lacking. We’ve developed a method to remedy this.
This volume adopts a global perspective, and demonstrates that both industrial gold mining and artisanal and small-scale gold mining are functionally integrated into a global gold production system.
Par rapport à Ebola, nous constatons des effets beaucoup plus importants de Covid-19 sur les revenus, l’accès à la nourriture et le comportement. Outre les effets socio-économiques immédiats, il y aura probablement de graves effets à long terme.
Compared to Ebola, we find much larger effects of Covid-19 on revenues, access to food and behaviour. Besides the immediate socioeconomic effects, there will likely be severe long-term effects.
‘Practices that make people worse off aren’t likely to survive’ wrote Peter Leeson. So what is the rationale behind witchraft beliefs in the artisanal mining sector in eastern DRC?
In sum, the reform deepened existing inequalities in the provision of public services while failing to comprehensively control the teaching workforce.